Milestones: By the age of five

Say it loud and proud
Your five-year-old’s speech will be mainly clear and easy to understand. They will be developing a good knowledge and understand of sounds and words, which are important for reading and spelling.

Some sounds can be hard for a five year old: “wabbit” for “rabbit”, and “fum” for “thumb”.
Some beginnings of words are hard to say: “pider” for “spider” and “fower” for “flower”
Longer words are hard to say too: “pasketti” for “spaghetti” and “efalent” for “elephant”

Check it out
  • Play count the syllable:- “Fri…day” – two syllables, “Sat…ur…day” – three syllables.
  • Challenge your child to spot the rhymes: “Cat and hat”, “red and bed”; and the "sounds likes" - “Bananas and pyjamas”
  • Have fun with the same sounds: “Sit begins with ‘s’. Sun, silly Sam and sausage all begin with ‘s’.”

Tell me a story
Telling stories to each other is one of the ways we communicate and share our experiences. Your child will be learning how to tell stories that make sense.

A five-year-old can list events with some detail, e.g. “We went to the seaside and I made the biggest sandcastle ever and we ate fish and chips on newspaper.”

They should be able to re-tell favourite stories: some parts as they are and some in their own words. e.g. “…going on a bear hunt, going to catch a big one, we’re not scared…and he chased them all the way home.”

Check it out
  • Ask your child to describe a recent event, asking them questions such as “who”, “where”, “when”, “what happened”, etc. Can they describe something that has happened, even if the events are not always joined together or in the right order? e.g. “Daddy was cross. We was late for the football. It was broken. The car tyre.”

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Age 5 to 7 milestones

5 years > 7 years


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